“The afd focuses on the german-being”

The sociologist Wilhelm Heitmeyer on the achievements of the AfD in Gelsenkirchen, the Armest city of Germany and the Hochburg of the AfD in the West, and the differences between East and West

Wilhelm Heitmeyer is a German sociologist, educational scientist and professor for socialization at the Institute for Interdisciplinary Conflict and Violence Research (IKG) of the University of Bielefeld. He was director of the institute until 2013 and since then he is there in the context of a research spell. Since the 1980s he has been investigating right-wing extremism, from 2002 to 2012, his long-term study ran "Group-related human knutility".

The Ruhr area is considered as "Crucible" With a long experience in immigration of people. Why have so many burgers elected the AFD?
Wilhelm Heitmeyer: The immigration in early times from Poland or from Turkey can not be compared with the immigration of today at all. The earlier immigration was immigration in work and that has changed fundamentally. For example, through the influx of Bulgaria and Romania and by course through the escape. In this respect, the labeling with the crucible is no longer reasonable. It has taken a lot of time in the past. Now you have no time anymore. There are many people in short velocity. This is especially true for certain districts in Gelsenkirchen with long-lasting structural problems. There are also a variable and sweeping conditions, as many freestanding apartments – that looks like a magnet. Gelsenkirchen is the poor city in Germany according to a current statistic. At the same time, the former city of the thousand fire is a stronghold of the AFD. Here, 17 percent of the burgers have chosen the party in the general election. There is a connection?
Wilhelm Heitmeyer: On the one hand, it is so that in the east there is the flat-covered success of the AFD. In West Germany this is very different and, for example, there are very rich bads like Heilbronn. This has to do with the tradition in Baden-Wurttemberg, where there has always been such success – in the past, especially by the Republicans. Today, the fear of social descent is added in the rich city – even with the employees of Audi. In the citys like Gelsenkirchen with the high poverty rate, there are two things. On the one hand the competition for scarce resources and on the other side – that’s always a connection – is transferred to cultural differences. Whether this is Muslims or the immigrant everyday culture from Sudosturopa – so from Bulgaria and Romania. There is a relationship between the elective layers and the structural situation in the city. And that does not just apply to Gelsenkirchen, but also applies to other neighborhoods in the Ruhr area. There are mainly the neighborhoods in the north of the respective city – so in the Essen north or in Duisburg. It is necessary to look exactly what form of disintegration also experienced the origin of German or parts thereof.

Wilhelm Heitmayr (2003). Image: frkzb / cc by-sa-4.0

"Parts of the original Germans are not integrated"

Who are the Wahler the AFD?
Wilhelm Heitmeyer: The socialization of East Germans is completely different. There now breaks down that many remember that their living has been devalued. A special point is that the AFD mainly focuses on German-being – this is the cultural difference. German-being is not only protest in some places, but that is an anchor for the identity. Thus, the difference to the other is made clear. The middle forces of the Wahler – between forty and sixty – are in the middle of the professional life and do not have to be so much for their current workplace. This is true for coarse parts, because the economy has been in full swing for some time. There is the concern for the promotion possibilities of their children an important role, because the successful promotion company of the old Federal Republic is finished. On the other hand, it is unclear what brings the future for this age group with regard to the pension. These are deeply sufficient misunderstandings that have something to do with the capitalist system. This is not interested in social integration and the ruling policy does not undertake enough against disintegration. Integration may not only be reserved for migrants, because parts of the original Germans are not integrated. This applies to recognition resources, and politically this group is not obvious. They then feel neglected and the key category will be German-. You can lose jobs in many places, you can not believe that social relationships can break in families or milieus, but the German-be one can take one no one and the AFD couples. According to a recent study by the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) are AFD-Haut Arms with their per capita income on the rear burst. Is the AFD the new party of the debated and the worker?
Wilhelm Heitmeyer: In this uniqueness you can not say, but many workers have chosen the AFD. That must have consequences for parties like the SPD. You have to ask yourself what actually expired there. This is not new because the ties to parties have long been largely dissolved. In this respect, it is a stucco nostalgia that the workers SPD elections. Especially since there are signs that unionized workers have gone to the AFD. The AFD won most in the middle of the middle and the CDU / CSU lost the most. In Prekaren Milieus – so in those who always have to cope with two jobs in the bands on the edge of the subsistence level – the AFD has also taken place especially. There, the SPD then lost mainly. The AfD has managed to be successful in very different Wahler-Milie. This also applies in terms of non-wax. You have to take everything very seriously. The motifs often talk about cultural alienation of the Wahler. The desire for social justice does not matter here?
Wilhelm Heitmeyer: Social justice is not a central topic from the AFD. The party mainly makes cultural alienation on the central theme and the circumstance that one finds foreign feet in his own country. This covers a relatively abstract term as social justice. It is so easy, but to define exactly what social justice means is complicated. I think the SPD has not done a favor with this conceptuality. On the other hand, the AFD has focused on cultural factors and opponated against foreign cultures.

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